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Health ~ Nutrition ~ Water


Vitamins and minerals are vital. Water is what life is mostly made of~


Water

From water.usgs.gov/edu/propertyyou


WATER - YOU ARE MOSTLY WATER

"In some organisms, up to 90% of their body weight comes from water. Up to 60% of the human adult body is water."

"The brain and heart are composed of 73% water, and the lungs are about 83% water. The skin contains 64% water, muscles and kidneys are 79%, and even the bones are watery: 31%."

Different people have different percentages of their bodies made up of water:
  • Babies and kids have more water (as a percentage) than adults. Being born at about 78%. By one year of age, that amount drops to about 65%
  • In adult men, about 60% of their bodies are water.
  • Adult women have about 55%, less water than men, (as a percentage). Because fat makes up more of the body than men and fat tissue does not have as much water as lean tissue.
  • People with more fatty tissue have less water than people with less fatty tissue (as a percentage).
You are mostly water. Not cola, not juice, not coffee. WATER. Hydrating yourself isn't supposed to taste anything. Just like breathing. Smokers tried to enhance that and look where that got them: CANCER. The wrong way to hydrate you can be just as deadly.


WATER - FUNCTION

Water serves a number of essential functions to keep us all going:
  • A vital nutrient to the life of every cell, acts first as a building material.
  • It regulates our internal body temperature by sweating and respiration.
  • The carbohydrates and proteins that our bodies use as food (don't forget all the even more vital vitamins and minerals!!!) are metabolized and transported by water in the bloodstream.
  • It assists in flushing waste mainly through urination.
  • Acts as a shock absorber for brain, spinal cord, and fetus.
  • Forms saliva.
  • Lubricates joints.
WATER - AMOUNT NEEDED

"Each day humans must consume a certain amount of water to survive. Some of this water is gotten in food. Of course, this varies according to age and gender, and also" by the climate and the activities. Generally:
  • Adult male needs about 3 liters per day
  • Adult female needs about 2.2 liters per day
From symptomsofdehydration:

The average person living in a temperate climate loses more than 10 cups of water a day through urination, sweat, and respiration. The recommendation that every adult drink 8 cups of water a day dates back to a recommendation made by the Food & Nutrition Board in1945, and counts on people eating enough fresh fruits and vegetables with a high water content to make up the difference. A more recent (and accurate) prescription, made in 2005 by the Institute of the Medicine of the National Academy, recommends at least 9 eight-ounce glasses of fluid a day for the average woman, and upwards of 12 for men. Obviously, the more active your lifestyle, the more water you need to consume to stay hydrated.

There are easy signs of being well hydrated, besides feeling more energetic and generally healthier.

Urination frequency & color to indicate proper hydration:
  • Good: a full bladder every 3-5 hours, and the urine you pass is only lightly or barely colored.
  • Need more water: 5 or more hours between bathroom breaks, or your urine is consistently a definite or dark yellow.
  • Need more salt: If you need to pee every 10 minutes and it’s so clear that you could drink it; try eating sodium rich vegetables like sea weed (kelp) and celery. Use coarse grey Celtic sea salt. The general recommendation to cut back salt is for the majority of people with high blood pressure; who eat junk, canned and processed food. If you have LOW blood pressure, from adrenal fatigue for example, it will make you sicker to deny yourself what you need. Salt is vital. But commercial salt is chemical and acidic, the PH that promotes Candida and cancer. Real salt is alkaline, the PH that promotes detoxification and life. Learn more in my page Vitamins & minerals ~ Sodium.
WATER - EFFECTIVE WITH

Electrolytes minerals. They regulate our nerve and muscle function, our body's hydration, blood pH, blood pressure, the rebuilding of damaged tissue:

you need them in proper balance to be properly hydrated. Too much water can be toxic if you dilute them too much.
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium
  • Potassium
  • Sodium
  • Chloride
  • Bicarbonate
  • Hydrogen phosphate
  • Hydrogen carbonate
  • Phosphorus
You need more than water to be hydrated. But you need enough water too.

You need salt to be able to retain water, which can be the cause of excess urination in diabetic people. Low blood pressure from dehydration can cause dizziness and weakness. Instead of a small espresso coffee, to speed up your heart to compensate from the lack of blood in your veins, try a big glass of water and healthy foods! But too much water retention from eating too much salt cause high blood pressure. Drinking sea water would actually dehydrate you because it’s the wrong balance between salt and water so you get thirstier. Colas use a similar recipe to make you drink it compulsively and addict you, in a unhealthy vicious cycle. Thirst is a craving for water, not sugary drinks! Your needs are delicate and need to be balanced.


WATER - DEHYDRATION

From annecollins & symptomsofdehydration:

Dehydration, characterized by the excessive loss of water from the body, is a serious life threatening condition. The Treatment typically requires both the replacement of water lost from the body and the restoration of normal concentrations of electrolytes within the body fluid.


Causes of dehydration:
  • Inadequate water intake. The commonest cause is failure to drink enough water, to replenishing liquids lost from sweating and urination. Malnutrition, causing an inadequate electrolyte intake, among other deadly things.
  • Water loss:
    • Severe perspiration
    • Hot climates or bouts of hot weather. (Don't wait to be thirsty before drinking water during a heat wave!)
    • Exercise (drink water before, during, and after.)
    • Diarrhea (especially in children and old people) You need to replenish electrolytes too.
    • Blood loss
    • Vomiting
  • Loss of sodium (salt) from the body typically leads to a loss of water because this electrolyte is required to hold on to water and stay hydrated. Conditions that may lead to sodium depletion and dehydration if untreated:
    • Kidney (renal) failure
      Can be caused by anemia, a lack of red blood cells made from B12 and vitamin C to absorb iron. Avoid chemicals and overdosing on fat soluble vitamins that accumulate easily in your body. High doses of water soluble vitamin C and the B complex can help you heal, but only if you need them. Calcium needs vitamin D to be absorbed and needs to be balanced with magnesium. Be mindful of your body's feelings and reactions.
    • Addison's disease (adrenal cortical insufficiency)
      The adrenal glands sit on top of the kidneys. DO NOT take steroids, take water soluble vitamins (C and the B complex) and your glands will be able to make their own!
Signs of dehydration:

The early signs and health effects vary according with the cause. Whether it's primarily from loss of water or salt first, then the other.

Loss of water:
  • Thirst, which can become extreme
  • Reduced urination
  • Slight increase in the amount of urea in the blood
Loss of salt greater than loss of water:
  • Extreme lassitude
  • Fainting when standing up
  • Excessive urea in the blood
  • Decrease in the fluid content of the blood
  • Fall in blood pressure.
  • Vomiting
  • Cramps
  • Urination is not commonly affected to begin with, and thirst is usually absent.
Symptoms of worsening dehydration in all causes:
  • Weight loss (2-3 pounds per day)
  • Decreased production of saliva
  • Dryness of the mouth
  • Impaired swallowing
  • Shrinkage of tissue
  • Dry/wrinkled skin
  • Headache
  • Raised pulse
  • Shrunken eyes
  • Fever.
As dehydration and salt loss progresses towards death. It typically this occurs in previously healthy adults after a water loss of about 12-15 liters (3-3.75 gallons), but may occur much more quickly in the very young or very old.
  • Blood output from the heart decreases
  • Sweating may cease entirely
  • Body temperature then rises precipitously.
  • Kidney failure
    If urination falls too low in response to the dehydrated condition of the body, the kidney becomes unable to excrete toxic waste products.
  • Irreversible shock and death
    From the combined effect of high temperature, reduced blood output and kidney malfunction.
Symptoms of dehydration. More from symptomsofdehydration:
  • Headaches
  • Fatigue
  • Dry mouth
  • Low blood pressure
  • Dizziness
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rapid heart rate (to compensate from the lack of blood, he sends the little he has faster to do twice the job with half the resources. Blamed on anxiety, but since it can kill you, there's a good reason.)
Some health issues that often get labeled as disease may actually be a crisis complication of dehydration. Learn the full details at holistic-wellness-basics:
  • Allergies
    Dehydration suppresses antibody production to deal with foreign agents such as pollen. You need fluids to rinse the membranes covering the eyes and nasal passages from irritation.
  • Asthma
    Often a crisis response to the condition of being chronically dehydrated. (The red blood cells carry oxygen and are made with B12 and C to absorb iron, but you need enough water to carry them around.) To conserve water that normally evaporates during breathing, histamine production increases and is released into the lungs, causing the bronchioles attached to the air sacs to constrict, also making a thick mucus that partially plugs the bronchioles as a protective mechanism to keep them from drying up from exposure to the outside air. Salt is helpful to clean it and hold on to water.
  • Arthritis
    It means 'joint inflammation' and they are all padded with cartilage, a tissue containing a large amount of water (and made with vitamin C too). Dry cartilage grind bones instead to make them glide smoothly, causing damage, inflammation, pain and stiffness.
  • High blood pressure
    'Essential hypertension' is often the result of gradually established dehydration. The physiological mechanism is too complicated to get into here, but it's well explained in You're Not Sick, You're Thirsty! dehydrated The less water there is in the body, the more (blood) pressure is needed to hydrate vital cells. (If the heart tries to compensate from the lack of blood by speeding up, too fast, it can explain why it dehydration can cause low AND high blood pressure)
  • Cholesterol
    When the inner environment of cells start to dry out, the cell membranes have to be sealed off to prevent further loss of water. This defense mechanism causes the liver to produce more cholesterol, a waxy substance that helps to 'waterproof' the cell membrane.
  • Chronic Pain
    When you don't take enough water, some areas have to be sacrificed, but not always the same for everyone, even though the cause remains the same. Localized dehydration can manifest as a migraine headache, joint pain, back pain, or several other pain indicators.
  • Constipation
    You need water to make things flow out. The small intestines liquefy solid foods so that nutrients can be taken up into the bloodstream and delivered to the liver for processing. Once the nutrients are extracted, the colon (large intestine) and the end of the small intestine reabsorb most of the water for use in other parts of the body. When the body is low on water, the motility of the lower intestines slows down to allow more time for reabsorption of water from the fecal contents. This water-preservation method results in chronic constipation, which can predispose a person to cancer of the colon and rectum.
  • Depression
    You need water to transport the nutrients to the brain required to make neurotransmitters. Tryptophan, an essential amino acid converted to serotonin, can be redirected to the liver to be used as an antioxidant when there is not enough water to properly detoxify the body, causing a shortage for the production of serotonin. But why would your brain be happy when you're dehydrated and toxic anyway.
  • Insomnia
    Melatonin is a tryptophan by-product that aids in regulating the sleep cycle. Therefore, when tryptophan is deficient because of the complications of being dehydrated, it can result in insomnia.
  • Gout
    Caused by uric acid crystals that collect in some joints, causing pain. Uric acid is a product of incomplete protein metabolism and appears to be associated with the advanced complications of dehydration.
  • Some of the many others:
    • Diabetes (if you drink liquid sugar instead of water... hell yeah!)
    • Autoimmune dysfunctions
    • Headaches
    • Heartburn and Dyspepsia
    • Hiatal hernia
    • Osteoporosis
    • Kidney stones
    • Lower back pain
    • Hot flashes
Symptoms of dehydration by percentage, from symptomsofdehydration:

There are two types of dehydration that a person can experience: chronic dehydration and acute dehydration.

Symptoms start to appear when a person has lost approximately 2% of their total fluid. These mild dehydration symptoms may include but not limited to:
  • Thirst
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue or Weakness
  • Chills
  • Dry skin
  • Skin flushing
  • Dark colored urine
  • Dry mouth
  • Head rushes
Around 5% fluid loss:
  • Increased heart rate (trying to compensate from lack of blood)
  • Increased respiration (trying to compensate from lack of oxygen carriers)
  • Decreased sweating (conservation)
  • Decreased urination (conservation)
  • Increased body temperature (sweating cools you off as water steals your body heat to evaporate)
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Muscle cramps (lack of salt cause that too)
  • Headaches (dry joints is bad, but a dry brain is too!)
  • Nausea
  • Tingling of the limbs (lack of salt cause that too)
Soon, if the body approaches a 10% fluid loss, emergency help is needed IMMEDIATELY! This level of fluid loss can and is very dangerous and often fatal! Symptoms and signs of severe dehydration include:
  • Muscle spasms
  • Vomiting
  • Racing pulse
  • Shriveled skin
  • Dim vision
  • Painful urination
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Seizures
  • Chest and Abdominal pain
  • Unconsciousness
Be aware that these are not the only signs and symptoms of severe dehydration that may be noticed, they are just the most commonly seen and experienced ones. The symptoms of dehydration will be different in each individual because the body is a complex network of systems and each person is unique. The age of an individual may also influence the manifestation of symptoms. The signs of dehydration in an infant or adolescent will not be the same as those experienced by a teenager, full grown adult or in an older person.

Always remember that dehydration prevention is the number one way to stop dehydration before it gets out of control:
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Stay inside on extremely hot and humid days.
  • Be aware that heatstroke can come on rapidly when working outside. Read the signs and symptoms of a heatstroke at symptomsofdehydration.
Treatment for dehydration:

From annecollins:

Recipe for a fast replenishment of fluid and electrolyte levels, recommended by The World Health Organization (WHO) to help serious dehydration, as quickly caused with diarrhea for example.

2 glasses recipe:
  • First glass:
    • 8 ounces of orange juice
    • A pinch of salt (coarse grey Celtic sea salt)
    • 1/2 teaspoon of sweetener such as RAW BIO honey (Not corn syrup! Don't trust health organizations blindly.)
  • Second glass:
    • 8 ounces of bottled or distilled water
    • 1/4 teaspoon of baking soda
Sip from each glass in turn until they are empty.

For fragile people like children and elderly, where dehydration is rapid, it can require urgent medical attention. Call your doctor or emergency health line.


From symptomsofdehydration:
  • Drink plenty of water, drink slowly, in small sips.
  • Replace electrolytes with drinks enriched with them.
If electrolytes rich drinks aren't available, slowly replenish the body's liquids with water and follow that up after symptoms have decreased with a small salty snack or a light meal.

Electrolytes are important for the electro-chemical reactions within cells and a decrease of electrolytes in the body may cause an interference of the chemical reactions needed for healthy cell operation. This can lead to a serious condition that may cause death in extreme cases.

The two primary electrolytes that are needed to be replenished are sodium and potassium salts and can be found in:
  • Common sports drinks used by athletes.
  • The variety of pediatric hydration drinks designed for infants.
  • Fruits and vegetables and their juices.
  • Salty snacks and foods, but be aware that eating any food while dehydrated may increase the dehydration since increased fluids are required for digestion.
If a person is showing some of the more severe symptoms of dehydration as listed above, call an ambulance immediately. He or she may be past the point where ingestion of the proper fluids will help; get them medical attention as soon as possible.


WATER - INCREASED INTAKES NEEDED

From symptomsofdehydration:

The average person loses 60 to 100 ounces of water a day by the normal bodily functions of breathing, sweating, and urination. This amount may increase or decrease due to the activities performed or the temperature of the environment. Heavy exercise can lead to the loss of more than 60 ounces per hour! To prevent dehydration, simply replenish the liquids that are lost throughout the day. On average, 8 glasses of water a day is needed to totally hydrate the body, but every person is different and only you will know how much water will meet your needs Be aware that water is the best drink, not soda, not juice, not sugar-drinks. Pay close attention to your fluid loss and take special care to replenish it as it is lost. By the time you feel thirst coming on, you are already dehydrated. Attempt to avoid becoming thirsty and be aware of the color of your urine. Dark urine is usually a sign that dehydration had begun. Drink more water, especially infants, children and the elderly.

Many illnesses and diseases can trigger acute dehydration because of the increase in body temperature that accompanies them (fever). In addition, some may cause profuse sweating which leads to a loss of body fluids. This is the reason physicians and other medical professionals recommend that you drink plenty of fluids when illness sets in.

(Any fluid loss, bleeding and vomiting too.)


6 reasons to drink water at webmd, see the site for all the details:
  • 1. Drinking water helps maintain the balance of body fluids.
  • 2. Water can help control calories. Thirst can be confused for mild hunger.
  • 3. Water helps energize muscles. Cells that don't maintain their balance of fluids and electrolytes shrivel, which can result in muscle fatigue, they don't work as well and performance can suffer.
  • 4. Water helps keep skin looking good. Dehydration makes your skin look more dry and wrinkled. But you also need vitamin C to make collagen, healthy fats and more.
  • 5. Water helps your kidneys detoxify you.
  • 6. Water helps maintain normal bowel function. Eating dry fiber like grains can actually constipate you. Try water and the watery fiber of living vegetables instead of processed grains (they're always processed at various degrees).

WATER -
DIURETICS

Diuretics (dictionary) "increasing the volume of the urine excreted, as by a medicinal substance."

This effect can be desired for people with water retention. It's best to use natural products, the way your body needs, instead to burden your body with toxic chemicals.

But if you consume junk food with too much salt and too little nutrients, you'll need to improve your diet, which is a lifestyle, and not even medicine can save you from the wrong life choices.

You can't rely on diuretics to hydrate you. You need to drink water. Some of them, like caffeine and alcohol, can badly dehydrate you!!!

It's not because you drink that you'll be hydrated, sea water is so salty that it will make you thirstier. Cola are meant to be this way to addict you in a vicious cycle: the more you drink it, the thirsthier you get. The sugar is to hide the salt and make you want it. Because no one would want to swallow litters of something as salted as soy sauce everyday, not even Asian people. Watch the video on Youtube: Sugar the bitter truth by Robert H. Lustig, M.D. Blood sugar & obesity.

Your requirement work together in harmony. Find balance. Caffeine, alcohol and drugs aren't nutrition; they're a burden, not a need.

It's best to look for natural sources, the way your body needs.


Natural diuretic foods and herbal supplements from nutrasanus:

Natural diuretics are herbs that increase the flow of urine and removal of fluids from the body. Diuretic herbs may be used to assist in removing fluids when used for backache, prostatitis, sciatica, kidney stones, bladder ache, lymphatic swelling, scalding urine, gonorrhea, skin eruptions, Premenstrual Syndrome, water retention, and obesity.

The removal of excess fluids may increase the removal of important vitamins and minerals from the body, such as calcium, potassium, and other important electrolytes. It may be necessary to supplement with other nutrients to help compensate for the loss of these nutrients when using a natural diuretic.

Diuretic herbs you can consider include:
  • Dandelion
    Cleanses the bloodstream and liver. Dandelion is used as a natural diuretic. Dandelion improves the functioning of the kidneys, spleen, pancreas, and stomach.
  • Green Tea
    In traditional Chinese and Indian medicine has been used as a stimulant, diuretic (to promote the excretion of urine), astringent (to control bleeding and help heal wounds), and to improve heart health.
  • Linden
    Used in connection with colds, cough, fever, infections, high blood pressure, and headache (particularly migraine), and as a diuretic (increases urine production), antispasmodic (reduces smooth muscle spasm along the digestive tract), and sedative.
  • Stinging Nettle
    It has detoxifying properties that extend beyond the urinary system, but its diuretic action makes it particularly effective in this area. Overuse of nettle is not a concern as with juniper. Though the nettle root has the primary diuretic properties, all parts of the plant facilitate cleansing.
  • Yarrow
    It's diuretic action aids the elimination of fluid and toxins from the system via the urine.
From yahoo answers:

Natural diuretics:
  • 1. Cranberries and cranberry juice.
  • 2. Coffee, tea and other beverages that contain caffeine
  • 3. Apple cider vinegar. Apple cider vinegar also contains potassium, so it may help avoid potassium deficiency. Still, it should be used sparingly.
  • 4. Fruits and vegetables such as cucumbers, watermelon and others that contain a lot of water will also help increase urination.
Natural diuretics should also be used in moderation, and even though they may be healthier than taking water pills, you shouldn't overdo it.


Common diuretics:
  • Water!
  • caffeine
  • alcohol
Herbal Aquaretics:
  • Goldenrod
  • Juniper
  • Adonis
  • Agrimony
  • Bearberry
  • Buchu
  • Dandelion
  • Heartsease
  • Hydrangea
  • Lady's mantle
  • Larch
  • Sassafras
Somewhat well known:
Drug name (chemical name)
  • Esidrix (hydrochlorothiazide)
  • Lasix (furosemide)
  • Bumex (bumetanide)
  • Demadex (torsemide)
  • Zaroxolyn, (metolazone)
  • Aldactone (spironolactone)
Some more:

Arginine vasopressin receptor 2 antagonists:
  • Amphotericin B
  • Lithium citrate.
Na-H exchanger antagonists:
  • Dopamine
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors:
  • Acetazolamide
  • Methazolamide
  • Dorzolamide
  • Topiramate
Loop Diuretics:
  • Bumetanide
  • Ethacrynic acid
  • Furosemide
  • Torsemide
Osmotic diuretics:
  • Glucose
  • Mannitol
Potassium-sparing diuretic:
  • Amiloride
  • Triamterene
  • Aldosterone antagonists (Spironolactone, Eplerenone)
Thiazides:
  • Bendroflumethiazide
  • Hydrochlorothiazide
Xanthines:
  • Caffeine, paraxanthine, theophylline, and theobromine (found mainly in chocolate)
Try nature first.

Enjoy~

Mens sana in corpore sano: A healthy mind in a healthy body.
Lisa Of Shades
20 April 2014
Right to be ©razy 2013 and beyond!